This entire section is taken from the following resource:

A Linux distribution(distro) is an operating system based on the Linux kernel and a package management system. A package management system consists of tools that help in installing, upgrading, configuring and removing softwares on the operating system.

Software are usually adopted to a distribution and are packaged in a distro specific format. These packages are available through a distro specific repository. Packages are installed and managed in the operating system by a package manager.

List of popular Linux distributions:

  • Fedora

  • Ubuntu

  • Debian

  • Centos

  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux

  • Suse

  • Arch Linux

Packaging systemsDistributionsPackage manager

Debian style (.deb)

Debian, Ubuntu


Red Hat style (.rpm)

Fedora, CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux


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